diabetes mellitus

Hi! This is Shees. Today we talked about Diabetes mellitus. its causes, symptoms, treatment and preventions.

Definition:

It is the disease of the pancreas that produces insulin,  use the food for energy. The diabetic pancreas is unable to produce

insulin or uses insulin incorrectly.

Key points:

  • It is a long-term disease that causes high blood sugar.
  • About 382 million people suffering from diabetes in the whole world.
  • Gestational Diabetes affects female during pregnancy.
  • It also effects on cardiovascular health.
  • It is a complex group of disease.
  • Insulin is a hormone produced by beta-cells.

Types:

It has 3 types:

Type 1:(Juvenile Diabetes)

  • The body does not produce insulin.
  • It is also called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(IDDM).
  • About 10% people suffer from this type 1.
  • Insulin injection is taken by patients to survive.

Type 2:

  • The body does not produce enough insulin.
  • It may call insulin independent diabetes mellitus(IIDM).
  • About 90% people suffer from this type 2.
  • It becomes worse and patient end up has to take insulin, usually in tablet form.

Gestational diabetes:

This occurs in women during pregnancy in which body is unable to produce insulin.

Causes:

Following are the causes:

  • Inherited tendency
  • Physical stress
  • Use of steroid
  • Autoimmune disease
  • High B.P.
  • Use of alcohol
  • Smoking

Symptoms:

  1. Increase urine output
  2. Excessive thirst
  3. Weight loss
  4. Hunger
  5. Fatigue
  6. Skin problems
  7. Slow-healing wounds
  8. Frequent infections

Diagnosis:

  • In order to diagnose this disease, a test is taken called  fasting plasma glucose test. 

This measures your blood sugar level.

  • Another test is taken called A1C which measures your average glycated Haemoglobin

in blood.

  • Oral glucose tolerance test also used to diagnose this disease.

diabetes mellitus prevention

Treatment:

It does not have complete treatment.

  • Different treatments used to control the disease.
  • Take healthy food that makes you fit.
  • Take exercise regularly.
  • Monitoring your blood sugar.
  • Oral or other medication are taken to stimulate the production of insulin.
  • Transplantation of pancreas.

Prevention:

  1. Go for whole grains.
  2. Get plenty of fibre.
  3. Get more physical activity.

 




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