It is an uncontrolled growth of cells in one or both lungs, usually in the cell that lines the air passages.
These abnormal cells do not develop into the healthy lung tissues, develop rapidly and form tumours.
Lung cancer is classified into two types:
- Non-small cell lung cancer:
It accounts for 80% of Lung cancer.
- Small cell lung cancer:
It accounts for 20% of Lung cancer.
What causes Lung cancer:
Following are the causes:
It is the major factor. It contains Carcinogens, which kill the cells in lungs and cause cancer.
About 9 in 10 cases lung cancer is caused by smoking.
People who are regular exposure to other person’s smoke develop Lung cancer.
People who live in areas with high level of background radiation suffer from this cancer.
Family history also has some contribution to developing this type of cancer.
- Persist cough
- Coughing up blood
- Shoulder pain
- Chest pain
- weight loss
- Hoarse voice
- Change in the shapes of finger at the ends
- loss of energy
- Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
- Pain in joints
It diagnoses as:
- Chest X-rays
- CT scans
- MRI scans
- PET scans
- Analysis of blood
It is the oldest known treatment to get rid of this cancer.
In this technique, damaged lung tissue is removed surgically.
It also carries side effects, may cause pain and infection.
Antibiotics are used to prevent the pain and infection.
It shrinks or destroys the lung cancer tissues by focusing gamma rays.
It also has many side effects as it damaged healthy tissues, loss of apatite, falling of hair.
It utilises strong chemicals interferes with cell division process so that cell commits suicide.
Its side effects include mouth sores, bleeding, infection and fatigue.
- Quite smoking
- Avoid carcinogens at home
- Eat fruits and vegetables
- Take exercise
- Avoid secondhand smoking
- Take your medicines regularly
=> Follow all the precautions that doctor suggest.
=>Be strong because your willpower proves a weapon against your disease.